Made up from 4 different parts:
- Phloem fibres
- Phloem parenchyma
- Sieve tubes
- Companion cells
The sieve tubes and companion cells are both involved with the mass flow hypothesis.
- Cell membrane broken down
- Fluid cytoplasm
- No vacuole
- No nucleus
With the end of the sieve wall broken down it allows inter cellular movement.
- Have plasmodesmata.
- Very metabolically active.
- High number of mitochondria.
- May provide energy for translocation (mass movement).
The movement of solutes from a high hydrostatic pressure to a low hydrostatic pressure.
Evidence to support Mass Flow hypothesis
- Solution under pressure.
- Evidence for concentration gradient.
- Observation of sieve tubes.
- Movement of virus through plant.
- No movement of virus when no photosynthesis.
Evidence against Mass Flow hypothesis
- Get the impression of steady flow, this is wrong.
- Certain things move different ways.